KAMPALA SANITATION PROGRAMME LAKE VICTORIA PROTECTION PHASE I PROJECT
Over the past two (2) decades, Uganda’s economy has undergone rapid growth, resulting into rapid urbanization across the major towns of Uganda. The rapid urbanization has posed unprecedented increased demand for water and sanitation infrastructure and other services which currently do not match the high rate of urbanization in Uganda. In response to meeting these development challenges and coping with the enormous demand for water supply and sanitation facilities, National Water and Sewerage Corporation (NWSC), on behalf of the Government of Uganda, developed a long term sanitation development Program for Kampala City in 2008, which is clearly elaborated in the Sanitation Master Plan for the City of Kampala. Under the Kampala Sanitation Master Plan, four decentralized satellite sewage treatment plants located in the following four priority drainage areas of metropolitan Kampala are to be constructed.
- Nakivubo Wetland to serve the central business district of Kampala City Center, Naguru, Nakawa, Kyambogo, Mbuya, Bugolobi and Kitintale
- Kinawataka Wetland to serve the eastern parts of Kampala
- Lubugi Wetland to serve the North and North Western parts of the Greater Kampala namely Mulago, Katanga, parts of Makerere, parts of Kawempe, Nansana, Namungona, Wandegeya among others
- Nalukolongo Wetland to serve the West and South-western parts of the Greater Kampala mainly targeting the Nalukolongo Industrial area and neighbouring areas.
Kampala Sanitation Program is broadly aimed at providing improvements in the urban hygiene and sanitation services for the city residents, through rehabilitation and expansion of the current sewage system within the metropolitan Kampala, improved collection of faecal sludge from the on-site sanitation facilities in un-sewered areas and the implementation of faecal sludge treatment regime. The interventions will also result into the improvement of the environmental sustainability of Lake Victoria inner Murchison Bay through reduction of pollution load entering the lake through the Nakivubo channel.
Project Implementation Concept
The Overall Implementation concept for Kampala Sanitation Program embodies a two staged approach namely; Lake Victoria Protection Project Phase I (LVPI) and Lake Victoria Protection Project Phase II (LVPII). The LVPI project is jointly funded by KfW, EU and GoU.
Stage II of the project is funded by African Development Bank (AfDB), KfW and Government of Uganda (GoU).
STATUS OF IMPLEMENTATION OF LAKE VICTORIA PROTECTION PHASE I PROJECT (LVPI)
Lubigi Waste Water Treatment Plant
The scope of works for LVPI Project entails; Construction of a combined waste water and faecal sludge treatment plant in the Lubigi wetland of hydraulic capacity 5400m3/day, rehabilitation and expansion of the existing sewer network and procurement of assorted equipment for use in the Laboratory and for Operation and Maintenance of the sewerage infrastructure.
The project is co-financed by KfW, European Union and the Government of Uganda (GoU). However, the works tender was split into two Works Contracts i.e; Component 1- financed by EU and Component 2- financed by KfW.
Component 1 Contract covers Sewage Infrastructure (Sewage and Faecal Sludge Treatment Plant, Sewer network extension works in Katanga/Lubigi and Kibuye/Makindye) development aspects of the project, while Component 2 covers General Items under component 1 and 2, including existing Sewer Network modifications, rehabilitations and supply of operation equipments, materials and tools.
Currently the project has been completed and was officially commissioned on 28th March 2014 by H.E Yoweri Kaguta Museveni. The plant is now fully operational.
STATUS OF IMPLEMENTATION FOR LAKE VICTORIA PROTECTION PHASE II PROJECT (LVPII)
Nakivubo Waste Water Treatment Plant
The Contract for Nakivubo WWTP is based on Design, Build and Operate and was signed on 3rd November 2011. As part of the works contract activities, the contractor carried out detailed geotechnical soil investigations at the proposed site in the Nakivubo Swamp. The results of the geotechnical soil investigations revealed that the ground/rock at Nakivubo site was not suitable to host the treatment plant superstructures, a proposal was made and in consultations with other stake holders, the project site was relocated from the original site in Nakivubo wetland to a substitute site at Bugolobi, where NWSC hosts the current Sewage Treatment Plant.
The Plant’s hydraulic design capacity is 45,000m3/day. The Plant design considered maximizing utilization of emitted Green House Gases (Methane) to generate electricity. In this regard, the project has been qualified as Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project and the project is in the process of being validated and registered with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) for CDM carbon credits. Construction works are currently ongoing and the project is expected to be completed in April 2016.
On the whole, the program will bring general improvements in public health within the city, curtail water and sanitation related diseases and contribute to environmental sustainability of Lake Victoria.
KAMPALA WATER – LAKE VICTORIA WATER AND SANITATION PROJECT (KW-LV WATSAN Project)
National Water and Sewerage Corporation is implementing the Kampala Water – Lake Victoria Water and Sanitation Project (KW-LV WATSAN Project). The project is being implemented through funding from GoU and a consortium consisting of KfW, AFD, EU-ITF and EIB. The project aims at providing long-term solutions to the water supply challenges of Kampala. The project is based on a long-term rehabilitation and extension strategy for the water supply system of Kampala (2003, updated 2010) and is closely linked to the on-going and future implementation of the Kampala Sanitation Master Plan (2004). The overall strategy aims at meeting Kampala’s water demand for the year 2035. It includes a systematic and phased approach to reduce water losses and operational costs while protecting the watershed, improving sanitation conditions and serving the poor.
KW-LV WATSAN Project Components & Packages
The five major project components are;
Upgrading and rehabilitation of the Ggaba Water Treatment Plant Complex:
Increasing treatment capacity from 150.000m³/day to 230.000m³/day through appropriate rehabilitation and extension activities. Construction of a new reservoir, clear water pumps, and a new sludge treatment plant for mechanical removal of the chemicals used in the treatment process.
Network restructuring and rehabilitation:
Restructuring and extension of the existing distribution network through construction and rehabilitation of transmission mains and primary distribution system and associated reservoirs, densification and extension of the secondary network and extension/rehabilitation of the tertiary network. Implementation of district metering zones and pressure management, including a SCADA System for network monitoring, and of activities for technical and administrative water loss reduction.
Extension of water supply in informal settlements: Improve water supply in 20 selected informal settlements through network densification and construction of nearly 3,000 public water points and yard taps with electronic pre-paid meters to ensure access for additional 400.000 people to clean and safe drinking water at affordable costs. Activities to promote user sensitisation and organisation. In close coordination with the Kampala Sanitation Programme, implementation of pro-poor oriented sanitation measures comprising: construction of up to 200 private low cost demonstration latrines (dry compost latrines), procurement of small scale emptying equipment, and improvement of 10 km of drainage channels, social marketing campaigns and hygiene sensitisation.
Construction of new Water Treatment Plant east of Kampala and associated network: Construction of intake for 240,000 m³/day at a new location east of Kampala, a water treatment plant with a capacity of 120,000 m³/day, sludge handling facilities, a clear water pumping station, transmission mains (28 km length of DN1200mm) and primary network (41.5 km length of DN400mm to DN1200mm), an asset management and control system for network management, as well as undertaking of other activities that are appropriate to protect the watershed.
Accompanying measures: Capacity development in the areas of overall investment planning, in particular better coordination of sanitation planning with expansion of water supply, operations management, network modelling, asset management, pressure management, network control, and financial management. All these measures will be accompanied with relevant training and the provision of appropriate equipment.
The project is estimated to cost Euros 212 million to be implemented through funding from GoU and a consortium of European Development Banks comprising KfW, AfD and EIB.
Water Management and Development Project (WMDP)
Government of Uganda in partnership with the World Bank developed a project named “Uganda Water Management and Development Project”. The project which is being implemented under the overall oversight of the Ministry of Water and Environment entails infrastructure development in urban water and integrated water resources management among others. From the entire project funding, 55 million has been earmarked for the NWSC town of Arua.
For Arua town, the design was done by Gauff Consultants in association with M&E Consults. The scope of works involves rehabilitation of the Water treatment plant, development of 06 nr boreholes, upgrading and extension of the existing water network, construction of a sewer network for the town, construction of 02 sets of sewerage ponds, and provision of water and sanitation services in informal settlements.
For Gulu, Bushenyi and Mbale towns, design and supervision consultants are being procured to identify measures for improvement of water and sanitation infrastructure in the respective towns including informal settlements. With exception of Bushenyi, full scope of the works identified will be executed. For Bushenyi, only boreholes are to be developed to supplement the existing water source at Nyaruzinga swamp.
Kampala Sanitation Programme Phase 1
The project is aimed atensuring improvements in urban hygiene and sanitation that in turn, contribute to improvements in public health including infant and maternal mortality rates and poverty reduction as well as achievement of national PEAP targets and Millennium Development Goals. Additionally, it will ensure improvements in protection of Kampala’s natural environment – both land and water
The Kampala Sanitation Project Phase 1 is being implemented in stages which are summarised hereafter;
Lake Victoria Protection Stage I (Immediate Works);
This stage is funded by KfW (Euros 6.0 Million), EU (Euros 7.0 Million) and Government of Uganda/NWSC (Euros 2.3 Million) at estimated cost of Euros 15.3 Million. The works contractor is Spencon Services and is supervised byFichtner Water and Transport/M&E Associates:
Lake Victoria Protection Stage II (Major Works);
Stage II involves construction of the Nakivubo and Kinawataka waste water treatment plants and their respective sewer networks. The works estimated at Euros 84 Million were designed by Lahmeyer GKW Consult (previously Poyry Environment GmBH) in association with PEC. Already, Nakivubo WWTP is under construction by a consortium of OTV (France), Cementers (Uganda) and Roko (Uganda) while procurements for contractors for Kinawataka WWTP and the Nakivubo&Kinawataka Sewers are both in progress.
The Project also includes a Tariff Review and Affordability Study which is being conducted by Mott MacDonald Ltd and is aimed at assessing the effectiveness and adequacy of the current tariff system, taking into account willingness and ability to pay, with the overall aim of ensuring sustainability of services.
Kampala Water Lake Victoria WATSAN Project
The project aims at addressing water supply challenges in greater Kampala metropolitan area up to the year 2035. It is funded by KfW (Euros 20 Million), EIB (Euros 75 Million), AFD (Euros 75 Million), EU Infrastructure Trust Fund (Euros 8 Million) and Government of Uganda/NWSC (Euros 34 Million) at Euros 212 Million.
For purposes of simplifying implementation, the project is packaged as follows;
Package 1: Immediate measures involving works at Gaba I& II and network.
Package 2: Water network modelling & master planning, and re-zoning and extension
Package 3: Gaba refurbishment and optimisation
Package 4: Katosi Water treatment plant and Water quality monitoring
Package 5: Improvement of water supply and sanitation in the informal settlements
Package 6: Accompanying measures including Asset management, and Capacity building
Already, the design and supervision consultant contract for Package 1 (Immediate measures) was hired i.e. CES Salzigiter in association with CODA& partners and the studies are in progress. Meanwhile procurement of consultants for other packages such as 2, 4 and 5 is on-going.
Uganda Water Management And Development Project (UWMDP)
This project was developed by Government of Uganda in partnership with the World Bank. Itentails infrastructure development in urban water and integrated water resources management among others. The entire project funding is US dollars 135 million out of which, 55 million has been earmarked for NWSC towns of Arua, Gulu, Bushenyi and Mbale. The procurement of service providers is already underway.
Gulu Water Supply Project, Emergency Works Stage II
The project aims at rehabilitation and expansion of the water and sewerage systems in Gulu. Stage II works involved improvements to the pipe work at the water treatment plant, rehabilitation of the flocculation basins, clarifiers and filters, Construction of a 5,300 m3 reservoir at Custom Corner, laying a DN 500 pumping main from the water works to the new reservoir, and improvements to the existing distribution network. These works worth UGX 6.7 Billion were executed by Zhonghao Overseas Construction Company Ltd, under the supervision of Gauff consultants in association with M&E Associates. Government of Uganda and NWSC funded the main works.
The project involves additional works which consist of works aimed at improving water production and pumping capacity of the treated water pumping station and improving/enlarging of the outlet pipework from the water reservoir at Customs Corner into the distribution network. These additional works were necessary for the project to achieve full benefits and have been substantially completed.
Bushenyi Water Supply Project, Immediate Measures Stage II
The overall objective of the project is to rehabilitate and expand the water supply system and to construct a sewerage system in Bushenyi. Stage II project involves intake modifications at Nyaruzinga water works, installation of lamella plates in the clarifiers, laying a DN 200 UPVC transmission from Katungu reservoir to Ishaka, water supply extension to Kitabi Seminary, water supply extension to Kyamuhunga and groundwater investigations.
The works contractor is Vambeco Enterprises Ltd under the supervision of Kagga& Partners and the works are in progress.
Kampala Urban Pro-poor Project, Kawempe
The project is aimed at addressing the sanitation needs and challenges of the urban poor residing in the informal settlements of Kawempe Division, Kampala. Up to 56 toilets are to be constructed in two lots i.e. Lot I (24 Toilets – contracted to AFS Construction Ltd at a cost of UGX 678million), and Lot II (21 Toilets – contracted to Builcon Ltd at a cost of UGX 758million). The project is being supervised by a Project implementation team comprising of NWSC staff.
Bwaise II Urban Pro-Poor Project
The Bwaise II Urban Poor project is an initiative aimed at improving the water supply and sanitation services of the urban poor residing in the informal settlements of Bwaise II parish. The project entails expansion of the water supply network and installation of prepaid meters to increase access to water supply by the urban poor in the Parish.
The works contract worth Uganda shillings 677,949,470/= (Six hundred and seventy seven million, nine hundred and forty nine thousand four hundred and seventy shillings) was signed between NWSC and Updeal (U) Ltdon 6th June 2012 and works are in progress.
The project is funded by NWSC and the Coca Cola foundation through Water and Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP) at US dollars 530,000. Of this, the Coca Cola foundation contributed US dollars 300,000 which has been earmarked for payment of software component (community sensitization and training of caretaker groups), pre-paid water meters and design and supervision consultancy (contract awarded to Alliance Consultants Ltd). The remainder, i.e. US dollars 230,000 is counterpart funding from NWSC which is to be utilised for water network intensification and installation of pre-paid meters.
Water Supply Extension to Kako, Masaka
The Project is intended to extend and improve water supply to Kako in Masaka. This entails laying 9km transmission pipeline from the Bwala system to Kako village, construction of booster station and reservoir and associated distribution network. The first stage of the project involving laying transmission line from Kitovu reservoir to Nyendo town, was funded by NWSC while the remaing scope is funded by the Ministry of Water and Environment through the Water and Sanitation Development Facility (WSDF-Central) with NWSC participating in project supervision.The Stage II works contract worth Uganda shillings 1.65 Billion is being conducted byUpdeal (U) Ltd.
Soroti Intake Redevelopment Project
The New Soroti Intake project is aimed at addressing the water abstraction challenges facing the Soroti water supply system since the water abstraction system was washed away during the October-November floods of 2010. Although the Area (NWSC-Soroti) with support of the Static Plant Maintenance Department undertook remedial interventions, these are only temporary and not sustainable in the long run.The design and construction supervision consultancy contract was awarded to ILISO Consulting at UGX 838,473,490 (Eight hundred and thirty eight million, four hundred and seventy three thousand, four hundred and ninety shillings) and the study is currently underway.
ARUA WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION PROJECT
RESETTLEMENT ACTION PLAN
The Arua Water Supply and Sanitation Project (AWSP) objectives are to improve water and sanitation services in Arua municipality (AMC) and surrounding areas. This report outlines a Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) for project-affected persons (PAPs) in the project area (PA). The purpose of the RAP was to identify PAPs and their assets/properties, value them and provide a strategy for resettlement compensation to ensure that the PAPs’ livelihoods are restored or improved. The RAP also puts in place appropriate remedial measures, including grievance channels, for the PAPs and other community members. This RAP has been prepared in the light of and is consistent with the policies and processes detailed in the Resettlement Policy Framework (RPF) for the Water Management and Development Project of the Ministry of Water and Environment (MWE) of Uganda. Therefore, the mitigations